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Acne Prevention And Its Types

November 23, 2021 7 min read

Acne is something that everyone would want to avoid if they could. Aside from causing uneven skin texture, it is also known for leading to emotional anguish. Acne, on the other hand, can be successfully treated with the correct prescription and home treatments. It is always best to seek the advice of an expert or professional, especially if your acne is severe. Acne can also create scarring, which should be addressed only after the active acne has been treated. This article discusses the possible causes of your acne and the many treatments available to help you get rid of it.

Highlights:

  • What exactly is acne?
  • What Factors Contribute to Acne?
  • Acne Varieties
  • How to Remove Acne?
  • How Can Acne Be Prevented?

What exactly is acne?

Pores clogged by oil, germs, and dead skin cells continually form zits on some people's skin. These are referred to as 'acne.'

Acne is frequently misidentified as pimple eruptions on the face. Acne may, however, appear anywhere on the body. They might appear as pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads.

Scarring can occur as a result of inflammatory acne. These include nodules (solid lumps beneath the skin's surface), papules (small, raised red bumps), pustules (pus-filled ends on red bumps), and cysts (large puss-filled lumps found beneath the skin).

Acne develops when the sebaceous glands linked to the hair follicles are stimulated, resulting in excess sebum production. It might also be caused by blocked pores.

What Factors Contribute to Acne?

Acne can occur for a variety of reasons. It can be caused by hormonal changes, heredity, certain drugs such as birth control pills, or diets heavy in processed sugars and carbs.

1. Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations can create oily skin, which causes plugged pores. Pregnancy, puberty, a woman's menstrual cycle, birth control medications, and stress are all hormone changes that lead to acne.

2. Stress

Acne is thought to be exacerbated by stress, according to studies. Relaxation treatment has also been shown to lessen the severity of acne, according to research.

3. Eating habits

Some studies suggest that what you eat might have an impact on your skin's health. Acne can be caused by a high-carbohydrate diet or oily food.

4. Genetics

Your genes play an important role in defining your skin type. If the majority of your family relatives have oily skin, it is probable that you do as well. Clogged pores can be caused by oily skin. Acne can arise from this. Acne genetic predisposition is well established and has a significant impact in the degree and type of acne that might develop.

5. Environmental Conditions

Oil production in the body can be stimulated by humid weather. Skin can get dehydrated in hot conditions. As a result, the body produces an overabundance of sebum.

Acne Symptoms

Acne is often characterized by white, red, or black blemishes or pus-filled zits on various places of your body. Acne may appear anywhere on your body.

Acne Varieties

Inflammatory acne

1. Papules

A papule is a raised red/pink lump on the skin. It is often smaller than a centimeter in diameter. A papule has a pus-filled core.

2. Pustules

A pustule is a skin lump with a white or yellow pus-filled core. The bump's base is generally pink or crimson.

3. Nodules

A nodule is a mass that is big, uncomfortable, and inflammatory. Deep within the skin, nodules develop. They are caused by ruptured tissues deep under the skin's surface. They lack a core and resemble bigger papules.

4. Cysts

Acne cysts are the most severe kind of acne. It is a big skin lump with a pus-filled core. Because they are located deep inside the layers of the skin, they might cause scarring.

Non-inflammatory acne.

1. Whiteheads

A whitehead, also known as a 'closed comedones,' is a little whitish lump on the skin. Sometimes a hair follicle will appear in the middle of the hump. This form of acne does not generally leave scars.

2. Blackheads

A blackhead, also known as a "open comedones," is a small, black lump on the skin. Blackheads are not caused by dirt buildup. They are just whiteheads that have opened.

How to Remove Acne?

Medical Interventions

1. Laser Treatment

Laser and light treatments have been popular in recent years for treating a variety of skin disorders.

Your physician may offer laser therapy to address your acne troubles. The treatment aims to boost sebaceous gland function while decreasing inflammation. It resurfaces the skin by removing the top layer of the skin.

2. chemical peeling

A chemical peel exfoliates the skin. It resurfaces the skin by eliminating the top layer, allowing regular skin to regrow.

Depending on the degree and kind of acne, your dermatologist may prescribe a superficial, medium, or deep peel.

3. Microdermabrasion

It is a type of exfoliation that involves the removal of dead skin

Microdermabrasion removes the top layer of the skin using a tiny hand-held instrument. It is possible to do it at work or at home. Deeper exfoliation occurs during in-office microdermabrasion.

Microdermabrasion is a procedure that is used to remove dead skin cells and to rejuvenate the skin's texture and tone. Microdermabrasion appears to help with acne, according to research.

4. Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a vitamin A derivative. It is employed in the treatment of severe cystic and inflammatory acne. Prolonged use frequently leads in permanent acne resolution.

Isotretinoin contains anti-inflammatory qualities as well as the ability to decrease sebum production. Depending on the severity of your acne, your dermatologist may suggest a low or high dosage.

Isotretinoin side effects include dry skin, hair loss, chapped lips, nausea, weight loss, and changes in nail and skin texture. It can also cause major adverse effects such as bone weakening, eyesight abnormalities, liver or pancreatic inflammation, and depression.

Isotretinoin should not be taken if you are pregnant or want to become pregnant.

5. Antibiotics

For nearly 40 years, oral antibiotics have been used to treat acne. Their anti-inflammatory characteristics help to clear up acne.  Your dermatologist may advise you to take oral antibiotics in addition to a topical medicine.

Antibiotics should not be used for an extended period of time in order to prevent resistance.

6. Steroids injections

Cortisone injections relieve inflammation in the body. They are occasionally used to treat acne. In this treatment, a diluted Corticosteroid is injected directly into the zit (pustule, cyst). The afflicted region may or may not be numbed by your dermatologist. The results are visible within 24 hours. These injections are not intended to be used as a routine acne treatment. They can cause pitting of the skin, which can take up to six months to fade and is occasionally irreversible.

Cortisone injections are not a long-term acne treatment. They do not prevent subsequent breakouts from occurring. If your skin is prone to breakouts, a daily acne treatment is advised.

Medications Available Without a Prescription (OTC)

1. Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide topical versions are used to treat mild to severe acne. It contains anti-inflammatory qualities that can aid in the treatment of acne. It can, however, induce dryness, stinging, and tingling feelings.

2. Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid functions as a peeling agent. It contains anti-inflammatory qualities that reduce lipids in the skin. This aids in the treatment of acne.

3. Azelaic Acid

Acne is treated using topical versions of Azelaic acid. It reduces puffiness and pimples by destroying the bacteria that causes acne.  Use azelaic acid only as directed by your dermatologist.

Itching, burning, dryness, redness, and soreness are some of the side effects of Azelaic acid.

Some of the uncommon adverse effects of azelaic acid are as follows:

  • Swallowing Difficulties
  • Face, neck, tongue, lips, and eye swelling
  • Hoarseness
  • Rashes
  • Hives

    4. Sulfur
    Sulfur has been used to cure acne for hundreds of years. It contains antibacterial characteristics, which help to decrease swelling and germs that cause acne on the skin.  It is, however, known to dry out the skin. Creams, lotions, and foams are examples of topical forms.

    5. Retinoids (Topical)
    Topical retinoids are referred regarded as the "core of topical treatment" by experts. This is due to the fact that they are anti-inflammatory, minimize comedones, and keep the skin clean. Topical retinoids are essential for treating acne and keeping clean skin after therapy.
  • Redness, stinging, burning, and dryness are possible side effects.

          How Can Acne Be Prevented?

  • People frequently fail to follow simple skincare recommendations. It is always necessary to maintain a basic skincare regimen in order to keep your skin clean and breathable.
  • To eliminate debris and pollutants from your skin, wash your face at least twice a day. Avoid over-washing. Over washing might deplete your skin's natural oils. This can help with sebum production.
  • Drink plenty of water to moisturize your skin and keep it from creating too much sebum. Excess sebum can cause closed pores.
  • Wear sunscreen every time you leave the house during the day. Sun exposure can cause your skin to dry out. This might lead to an increase in sebum production.
  • Avoid using oil-based cosmetics. They have the potential to block your pores. Acne-prone skin should use cosmetics that is water-based. Take off your makeup before going to bed. Don't buy makeup removers that include oil.
  • On a regular basis, cleanse, tone, and moisturize your skin. Maintain a skincare programme that supports your skin's pH levels and avoids clogs.
  • Exfoliating your skin on a daily basis is not recommended. Exfoliating too frequently might increase sebum production in the skin. When you do this, use mild scrubs.
  • Maintain a healthy diet. According to research, reduced carbohydrate diets can help treat acne vulgaris.
  • Avoid popping your pimples. Popping your pimples can cause skin barriers to be broken and other pores to get infected. This might lead to acne.

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